Advanced Manufacturing & Automation
3D Printing is the development of 3-dimensional models from a digital file by depositing material layer by layer. It significantly increases the efficiency of the manufacturing process by reducing the time and cost associated with the development of a product/component. 3D printing technology is used in the aerospace, automotive, electronics, health care and commercial products market sectors.
Agile robots are extremely adaptive robotic systems and have highly configurable tools equipped with intuitive and human-like user interfaces. They increase productivity in the manufacturing sector, and the main application sectors are automotive and industrial.
Composites manufacturing involves the use of two or more materials with different properties to manufacture a third material with characteristics that are different from the input material. The main benefit of composites is that it helps in developing miniaturized products, primarily in the automotive, aerospace, and electronics industries.
Digital manufacturing is the use of an integrated, computer-based system comprising simulation, 3D visualization, analytics, and various collaboration tools to set up automated, highly efficient manufacturing processes that create products with minimal human involvement. The aerospace and automotive sectors most adopt digital manufacturing on a large scale.
Manufacturing on a micro scale is known as micromanufacturing. A continuing trend of compact, integrated, and smaller products requires miniaturization of components from meso- to micro-levels. Micromanufacturing allows the development of highly efficient products – for example, implantable devices and microchips – especially in the healthcare and electronics sectors.
Clean & Green Environment
Atmospheric Water Generation
Atmospheric water generation is the extraction of water vapor from the atmosphere for human consumption, which includes water for drinking, agriculture, domestic, and industrial purposes. It enables water to be produced from air, eliminating the need for rainwater, groundwater or natural water bodies for water supply, enabling water to be available almost ubiquitously.
Solid Waste Upcycling
Solid waste upcycling is the process of moving waste materials up the value chain, turning them into products of higher value or of better quality, or of enhanced environmental value. Unlike recycling, it does not merely lengthen the lifespan of the material, but enables it to be reused again and again indefinitely, eliminating the need for eventual landfill disposal and the need to harvest virgin material as feedstock for new products.
Waste-to-energy is the utilization or conversion of waste in solid, liquid or gaseous forms into energy. It is a source of renewable energy that can help reduce human dependence on finite and depleting fossil fuels. Waste-to-energy also reduces the need for landfilling and the harmful environmental effects of burning fossil fuel.
Water-energy efficient technologies are technologies that are both water-efficient and energy-efficient, or that result in water and energy efficiency. Born out of the interdependence of both utilities to be made available to people – “water for energy” and “energy for water” – these technologies help address both water and energy crises in the world and can encompass every sphere of human activity.
Waterless technologies are technologies that either eliminate the use of water, or substitute water with other substances in applications that conventionally require water. These technologies will divert more water for human consumption and reduce wastewater generation, which will also help conserve energy and reduce adverse environmental impact.
Health & Wellness
Therapeutic antibodies are engineered proteins developed in a laboratory environment and created specifically for pharmaceutical use toward cancer and autoimmune diseases. They are developed to deliver drugs or drug-activating enzymes, to inhibit specific binding sites, and also to equip a poor immune system or reduce an overactive immune system. Monoclonal antibodies comprise the largest segment under antibody therapeutics.
Biomarkers are biological substances that can be quantified and correlated to a particular disease. By quantifying biomarkers, the presence of a particular disease can be measured and the progression of the disease (prognostic biomarker) can be determined. Biomarkers can also be used to understand the effects of a particular therapy (predictive biomarker) on patients across a plethora of different diseases. Some of the common approaches used to discover biomarkers, are genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic.
Cancer immunotherapy is an emerging area of therapeutic development that is specifically designed to improve the functioning of the human immune system. Cancer immunotherapies are largely composed of three therapeutic product areas: cellular therapies, antibody therapies, and cytokine therapies. They enable the individual to fight disease development and progression and prevent relapse in patients who have entered remission.
High Throughput Gene Sequencing
These are technology platforms used to decipher DNA sequences which then enable biological research for agriculture and evolutionary science. However, the space of critical benefit is in the development of novel diagnostics and therapeutic healthcare solutions. High throughput gene sequencing devices can generate large amounts of sequence data and have opened up new research avenues, such as deep transcriptome sequencing, whole genome sequencing, and resequencing.
A branch of biological research, regenerative medicine has developed processes that will allow replacement, engineering, and regeneration of human cells, tissues, and organs. These can then be utilized in transplantation procedures to provide affected individuals with functioning tissues and organs. Tissue engineering and molecular biology form the foundation of this technology space. Based on the high demand for organs and regenerative therapeutics, this technology space will flourish into a highly disruptive tool in the future.
Targeted Drug Delivery
Targeted drug delivery is a technology that enables safe and effective delivery of drugs to a specific cellular site in a patient’s body. It prolongs drug retention and creates a protected drug interaction environment within the patient’s body that subsequently reduces side effects. There are multiple vehicles used for targeted drug delivery, such as liposomes, micelles, dendrimers, biodegradable particles, and nanostructures. Technologies from this space are used in the delivery of therapeutics across multiple application areas such as stem cell therapies, gene therapies, and regenerative medicine.
Information & Communication Technology
Augmented Reality (AR) is a technology that allows viewing of live video or real world objects with computer-generated digital information pertinent to each object. It allows a user to view real world environments augmented with virtual information. Augmented reality acts as a trigger for evolving technologies such as display and tracking devices, image recognition, and image processing.
Context-aware computing is the latest IT trend in which software has the capability to examine and react to an individual’s context change. It can sense users’ state and surroundings and can seamlessly adapt to their behavior. Computing technology blends information collected from different sources such as mobile, digital, and social. Thus the growing adoption of location-based services, and smartphone adoption acts as the major driver in increased adoption of the system. The technology can help improve business processes and reduce costs for enterprises that are interested in understanding customer behavior.
Gamification is the use of game thinking and mechanics in real-life contexts to solve real-life problems. It is applied to non-game applications to encourage people to engage better with processes and adopt them. Gamification helps users to focus on completion of tasks that are usually considered boring, such as filling out survey forms, shopping, reading advertisements, and so on.
Immersive computing is the use of virtual images and visuals as a source of information and interaction for the user in a virtual reality setup. Immersive computing virtual reality is the 3D artificial world generated with the help of hardware and software. In immersive computing, the user has the impression of having stepped into the synthetic world. Human sensations include immersion of physical senses inside the virtual 3D world. It is often equipped with head mounted display (HMD).
Machine learning enables machines (computer systems, robots) with algorithms that have the capacity to learn by deducing patterns in raw data. It is a technology that enables creation of algorithms that can learn from experience and data, using example inputs as a model for making decisions. Machine-learning algorithms are constructed by perceiving a model that consists of example inputs from which machines recognize patterns or make optimal decisions.
Predictive Data Analytics is a method of extracting useful information from huge data sets to identify significant patterns and predict futuristic trends and outcomes. It uses several data extraction mechanisms and tools, such as data mining, machine learning, and statistical modelling, to analyze data, identify significant patterns, and make probabilistic predictions for business intelligence. Predictive Analytics allows analysis of both structured and unstructured data from a wide variety of sources to deliver highly accurate insights.
Software-defined anything (SDx) is a technique to create and implement optimized IT infrastructure with maximized software components. SDx offers optimized infrastructure, data centers, and computing by minimizing hardware components and thereby increasing speed and efficiency of the overall IT performance. SDx revolution is the extended version of Software-defined networking (SDN). In SDN, The physical layer is separated from the application layer enabling companies to excercise flexibility of deployment scenarios depending on their business needs.
The XaaS (Everything-as-a-Service) platform consists of a hybrid integrated cloud ecosystem that can enable computing resources such as software, infrastructure, storage, networking, data, and so on, as services on demand. XaaS offers extended services such as customizable infrastructure, collaborative business environments, personal content management and others, all in a single package. It allows enterprises to cut down on capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operational expenditure (OPEX) by virtue of its unique on-demand usage-based business model.
Materials & Coatings
Anti Corrosive Coatings
Anti-corrosive coatings provide effective protection for a wide range of substrates, especially metallic surfaces, against corrosion and other possible contaminants in both industrial and consumer segments. Key application areas include off-shore, marine, automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, and consumer electronics.
Carbon fibers are a new breed of high-strength, lightweight material with wide potential in both structural and non-structural applications. This includes aerospace and defense, automotive, and building and construction.
Lightweight composites are developed using two or more materials to obtain a final composite material that exhibits the properties of the individual materials. Lightweight composites, when used in manufacturing components and final products, especially in the aerospace, automotive, and transportation industries, help in reducing the weight, leading to better fuel economy and energy efficiency.
Polymer chameleons or stimuli-responsive polymers are materials that can be fine-tuned to respond in a specific way to an external stimulus. The changes in the polymers are reversible in nature and the polymers regain their original shape and structure on removal of the trigger. Key applications include healthcare, electronics, and coatings.
Catalysts, whether homogeneous or heterogeneous, are used to increase the rate of approach to equilibrium of a polymerization reaction, to manufacture end products of desired quality and efficiency, without themselves being substantially consumed.
Medical Device & Imaging Technology
Digital pathology is a dynamic, image-based environment that enables the acquisition, management, analysis, and interpretation of pathology information generated from a digitized glass slide.
Neuroprosthetics or neural prosthetics are artificial devices that can substitute or restore motor, sensory or cognitive functionalities by interfacing with the user’s nervous system.
Surgical laser is a medical device that uses precisely focused, highly coherent light to treat, cut or remove tissues. Surgical lasers are viewed as replacements to conventional scalpels, since they enable accurate, delicate, and nanometre-resolution incisions.
Surgical robots are computer-assisted electromechanical systems that help a surgeon perform sensitive, nuanced, and hitherto impossible surgical procedures with confidence and minimal human error. These systems perform minimally invasive procedures, while empowering the surgeon to perform surgeries unhindered.
Brain Computer Interface
Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a direct communication channel between the brain and an implanted or external device. It enables bi-directional communication between the brain and the device – either the brain can control/monitor the device or the device can control/monitor the brain. BCI devices are used to monitor, aid, enhance, repair, control or be controlled by the human cognitive and/or sensory-motor systems.
Flexible electronics (also referred to as printed electronics) is the development of electronic devices by placing electronic components on flexible substrates. This enables the development of lightweight, bendable and durable electronic devices. The supply chain for the printed/flexible electronics industry includes material developers, equipment manufacturers, process developers, and device developers or system integrators.
Near Field Communication
Near field communication (NFC) technology allows devices to communicate without a connection or any physical contact between them. It provides convenience to consumers around the world by making it simpler for them to undertake financial transactions or exchange digital content among electronic devices placed within a distance of 10 cm (3.9 in) or less. Some of the key benefits of NFC are high performance, applications across various industries, technology convergence, security, and interoperability.
Smart lighting technology is the use of energy-efficient lights and lighting systems. The technology not only offers inexpensive lighting solutions but also reduces energy absorption. The technology monitors motion, occupancy, temperature, and lighting, and provides intelligent solutions. When converged with wireless technologies, it provides data services via LED lighting.
Wearable electronics are clothes and accessories into which computer technology has been integrated. It enhances the users’ experience by providing pervasive/ubiquitous computing and enabling the development of connected devices. Wearable electronics finds use in consumer electronics, industrial and enterprise, healthcare, automotive, and military applications.
Wireless power transmission can significantly enhance consumer experience by eliminating the need for cables and cords for charging devices. By using wireless charging techniques for transfer of power, it is possible to increase the convenience of using electronic products by making them truly mobile.
Bioenergy refers to renewable energy produced from biological sources, and includes biofuels, biomass energy, and biogas. The production of bioenergy is aimed at reducing the dependence on fossil fuels, while at the same time cutting carbon emissions. Bioenergy is typically consumed either as a transportation fuel or for the production of electricity and heat.
Next generation lithium batteries include advanced lithium-ion batteries, lithium sulfur batteries, lithium seawater, and lithium-air/lithium oxygen batteries that can be used for a wide range of applications including consumer electronics, electric vehicles, and energy storage for the electricity grid. Existing lithium ion battery technology is almost reaching its theoretical energy density limit, and advanced lithium battery technology is needed to power these increasingly energy-draining applications.
A microgrid is a group of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources with clearly defined electrical boundaries. It can be operated independently as an electrical island or in conjunction with the area’s main electricity grid. The establishment of microgrids will allow the incorporation of more renewable energy sources, more local control, and a more resilient electricity grid.
Unconventional oil refers to petroleum or petroleum derivatives produced from oil shales and oil sands, as well as synthetic fuels produced from coal (coal-to-liquid), natural gas (gas-to-liquid), and biomass (biomassto-liquid). Such products can be used as transportation fuels, for the generation of heat and electricity, and as alternative feedstock for bulk chemicals. The ability to produce petroleum from unconventional oil sources has allowed countries to diversify their energy mix and reduce their dependence on fossil fuel imports.
Waste Heat Recovery
Waste heat recovery is the recovery of heat from streams with temperatures higher than ambient temperature such as hot flue gases, steam, and cooling water, using stationary or mobile units. The incorporation of waste heat recovery systems can lead to significant energy savings, particularly in industries that use a lot of energy such as cement, glass, iron and steel, as well as petroleum refining.
Sensors & Controls
A biosensor or a biological sensor is a device that consists of a transducer that picks up electrical signals generated through the interaction of a biological element and the analyte. The biosensor device with its signal processors measures and quantifies the electrical signal and converts it into a digital form which can be read on a local or remote computer.
Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles that can be operated by remote pilots from the ground or fly autonomously to carry out specific missions. Drones were initially used in military and defense applications but there has been a recent surge in interest and implementation in commercial and civil applications too.
Energy harvesting technology converts ambient waste energy into usable electrical energy for electronics that consume little power. The key sources of ambient energy include solar, vibration, thermal, and human movement. The technology can be used to supplement or complement the battery unit of sensors.
M2M, or machine-to-machine, is a technology that allows two or more intelligent machines to communicate with each other without human intervention through a communication network. Once the data is transmitted over the network, it is collected for analysis and assessed to extract essential information
Sensor fusion refers to a combination of sensor data from different and disparate sources, with the aim of providing a more meaningful, comprehensive, and relevant set of information. Fusion of data from multiple sensors corrects the limitations of individual sensors.
A smart sensor is essentially a sensor that possesses capabilities beyond merely detecting a certain parameter and sending a raw uncompensated signal. It includes electronics that condition the signal before the signal is transmitted to a control network or to its destination. Functionalities include calibration, temperature compensation, analog-to-digital conversion, self-diagnostics, control logic, memory, and bus communication capability.